The EU is working hard to cut greenhouse gas emissions and make the transition to a clean, low-carbon and sustainable economy, as well as addressing unavoidable consequences of climate change. Competition policy is about applying rules to make sure businesses and companies compete fairly with each other. This message was welcomed by the European Parliament as well as by the 27 EU leaders at the Bratislava Summit on 16 September 2016. Economic and monetary union unites and integrates EU economies through coordinated economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy and a common currency, the euro. The CCPC was established following the amalgamation of the Competition Authority and the National Consumer Agency. notice, any reference in the document published on this page to This means not just helping to provide decent access to food, clean water, healthcare, education and land; not just developing vital transport and energy infrastructure and a clean environment. There is not as yet a fully integrated EU single market for consumer financial services, which still operate largely on a national basis. The Competition Act. These cover the right to be free from discrimination on the basis of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation, the right to the protection of your personal data, and the right to get access to justice. Its aim is to provide everyone in Europe with better quality goods and services at lower prices. The Commission is often well placed to pursue these trans-EU cases. A borderless and seamless common justice area will ensure that citizens can rely on a set of rights and can access justice throughout the continent. Enlargement is the process whereby European countries join the EU. The CCPC is the statutory body responsible for the enforcement of merger control law in Ireland. EU countries have also agreed national targets for cutting emissions in other sectors, such as transport, buildings and agriculture. As enshrined in the Treaty on European Union, âthe Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. A further EU initiative is the establishment of the European Energy Union, which will improve synergies with other policy areas, such as transport, research and innovation, digitalisation, the circular economy, and sustainable financing. European citizens are encouraged to contribute to the democratic life of the EU by giving their views on EU policies during their development or by suggesting improvements to existing laws and policies. It also seeks to further harness the potential of digitalisation and technological developments to improve consumer access to financial services. It acts to promote economic growth and financial stability in the euro area by coordinating economic policies. This has led to a major decrease in irregular arrivals to the islands. The advisory bodies (the European Economic and Social Committee and the European Committee of the Regions) as well as the national parliaments are involved in the process by providing their opinions on the proposals, mainly from the perspective of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality. As a result of the Commission’s investigations, it can decide to prohibit a certain conduct, require remedial action or impose a fine, depending on the situation. Air, rail, ship or bus passengers travelling in the EU have rights when they experience delays or cancellations. For any use or reproduction of photos or other material that is not under the copyright of the European Union, permission must be sought directly from the copyright holders. Equality is about equal rights for all citizens before the law. Innovation: To deliver this choice, and produce better products, businesses need to be innovative – in their product concepts, design, production techniques, services etc. indirectly through national courts, which may decide to refer the case to the Court of Justice; directly before the General Court, if a decision by an EU institution has affected them directly and individually. a court ruling requiring a particular arrangement or behaviour to be terminated) in any case involving an alleged breach of section 4 or 5 of the Competition Act or Article 101 or 102 of the TFEU. At the same time, the EU works to ensure that these greater freedoms do not undermine fairness, consumer protection or environmental sustainability. National parliaments receive draft legislative acts at the same time as the European Parliament and the Council. The consultative committees (the European Economic and Social Committee and the European Committee of the Regions) have an advisory role towards the European Parliament, Council and Commission. Every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU countries. A single country cannot tackle these issues on its own, so EU Member States work together to make sure that taxation is fair. It is also one of the key steps towards implementing the Paris Agreement and the EUâs agenda for sustainable development. This conciliation procedure has become rare. Other than certain activities that are excluded under the Third and Fourth Schedules, the Competition Act applies to commercial and economic activities carried out by private sector entities in all sectors, regardless of whether the business is owned by a foreign entity, owned by a Singapore entity, or is a state owned enterprise or private limited company where the Government or a statutory board is a shareholder. Data can be downloaded and reused for free, for both commercial and non-commercial purposes. The digital single market will also help drive the economy by ensuring the free flow of non-personal data, investing in digital skills and providing better access to online public services. The European Commission, together with the European Investment Bank, launched the Investment Plan for Europe. Decision-making at EU level involves various European institutions, in particular: The advisory bodies (the European Economic and Social Committee and the European Committee of the Regions) and national parliaments also play a role. Altogether, from 2014 to 2020, the EU will deploy some â¬82 billion in external funding through grants, tenders and support for national budgets, and, increasingly, by using EU funding as âseed moneyâ to encourage local public and private investment. CCS was renamed the Competition and Consumer Commission of Singapore (CCCS) as it took on the additional role of administering the Consumer Protection (Fair Trading) Act on 1 April 2018. Competition Act. The European neighbourhood policy governs the EUâs relations with 16 of its closest eastern and southern partners. Regional policy is jointly managed by the European Commission and the Member States and their regions, which choose the projects that will be co-financed by the EU, under programmes agreed in advance with the European Commission. Institutional corruption, however, is not the only threat. relating to services of general economic interest; necessary to comply with legal requirements or to avoid conflict with Singapore's international obligations; exempted by Minister's order, due to exceptional or compelling reasons of public policy; goods and services regulated by other competition law; agreements or conduct directly related and necessary to the implementation of a merger; agreements or conduct that result in, or if carried out would result in a merger; and, agreements with net economic benefit (such agreements will only enjoy exclusion from the s.34 prohibition). Enlargement policy is therefore instrumental in encouraging and helping countries to achieve three key criteria: During the enlargement process the Commission helps countries wishing to join the EU to meet the necessary criteria for membership, and supports them in implementing the related economic and democratic reforms. EU countries are responsible for their own education and training systems, but the EU helps them achieve quality education through the exchange of good practice, setting targets and benchmarks and providing funding and expertise. This means it can act either before or after the rules are broken, in order to safeguard a competitive market. Trade deals are not an end in themselves; they also project European values and principles around the world, which is why all new trade agreements negotiated by the EU include provisions on sustainable development, notably environmental protection and labour conditions. This places the European Parliament and the Council on an equal footing, and the laws passed using this procedure are joint acts of the Parliament and the Council. The reuse policy of European Commission documents is regulated by Decision 2011/833/EU (OJ L 330, 14.12.2011, p. 39). Examples include price fixing, bid-rigging and market sharing amongst competitors. These are the European Committee of the Regions, which consists of representatives of regional and local government, and the European Economic and Social Committee, comprising representatives of employeesâ and employersâ organisations and stakeholdersâ groups. The migration crisis and the changing security landscape in recent years have demonstrated that the Schengen area needs strong external borders. The 7th EU environment action programme guides the EUâs environmental policy until 2020, and sets out a vision of where the EU should be by 2050. It comprises 47 European countries, including the Member States of the EU. It covers anti-competitive conduct, price fixing, unconscionable conduct and other issues, such as advertising. The common foreign and security policy is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the EU, mainly for security and defence diplomacy and actions. The EUâs role is to oversee national tax rules to ensure they are consistent with certain EU policies such as: The governments of all Member States must agree when it comes to making EU decisions on tax issues so that the interests of every EU country are taken into account. Besides promoting better health and well-being, sport can help tackle issues such as racism, social exclusion and gender inequality. Based on a European Commission proposal, Member States agreed to relocate asylum seekers from Greece and Italy to other EU countries. This legislation is referred to collectively as the Competition Acts 2002 to 2014. facilitate cooperation at regional level, for example through the Eastern Partnership and the Union for the Mediterranean. As regards criminal sanctions, sections 6 and 7 of the Competition Act make it an offence to breach section 4 or 5 of the Competition Act or Article 101 or 102 of the TFEU. The EU also protects people through laws to limit working hours, tackle workplace discrimination, make working conditions safer and ensure that they receive compensation for work injuries. The EU supports research and innovation and the effective deployment of new green transport technologies, for example through new rules promoting clean vehicle technologies. But with the growth of the internal market and globalisation, the effects of illegal behaviour, like running a cartel, are often felt in many countries across the EU and beyond.
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