The decline left Lawrence a struggling city. Aerial view of Merrimack River and Lawrence, 2010. Lawrence General Hospital, founded in 1875, is located near downtown. Lawrence is the western hub of the Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority's bus service. However, by 1905, the community had expanded sufficiently to fund the construction of the Holy Trinity Church at the corner of Avon and Trinity streets. School Superintendent convicted of fraud and embezzlement. Read more about the unprecedented demographic insight and analytical power of CensusViewer interactive maps.  The Malden Mills factory burned down on December 11, 1995. This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 01:16. Research Lawrence MA Population and Demographics on Movoto. The Great Stone Dam, constructed in from 1845–1848 to power the textile mills, was largely built by Irish laborers. 1884 - Emmons Loom Harness Company organized. Municipal History of Essex County in Massachusetts, Tercentenary Edition, Benj. The population density was 10,351.4 people per square mile (3,996.5/km2).  A poor financial situation that has worsened with the recent global recession and has led to multiple municipal layoffs had Lawrence contemplating receivership. Visually "fly over" a state, viewing in great detail the census blocks, census tracts, cities, counties and various political districts in your selection or "zoom down" to the street level to get demographic statistics and information about the population in an individual census block or census tract. In fact, most so-called Syrians in Lawrence were from present-day Lebanon and were largely Maronite Christian. Ultimately the discussion left out those members of the community who would be directly impacted by urban redevelopment. . It is also home to the Senator Patricia McGovern Transportation Center, home to regional bus service and the Lawrence stop along the Haverhill/Reading Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, providing service from Haverhill to Boston's North Station. Yankee farmers, unable to compete against the cheaper farmlands of the Midwest that had been linked to the East coast by rail, settled in corners of Lawrence. Jacob Sandler and two brothers also immigrated from Lithuania in approximately 1900 and established Sandlers Department Store, which continued in business until 1978. , Lawrence was the scene of the infamous Bread and Roses Strike, also known as the Lawrence Textile Strike, one of the more important labor actions in American history..  The Lawrence Redevelopment Authority and city officials utilized eminent domain for a perceived public benefit, via a top-down approach, to revitalize the city throughout the 1960s. The historic Theater Row along Broadway was also razed, destroying ornate movie palaces of the 1920s and 1930s that entertained mill workers through the Great Depression and the Second World War. First Baptist Church, First Free Baptist Church, First Unitarian Society, Church of the Good Shepherd, and First Methodist Episcopal Church established. (U.S. Average: 9.2%), Lawrence Family Development Charter School, Saint Alfio Society (Feast of the Three Saints). Other prominent hills include Prospect Hill, in the northeast corner of the city, and Mount Vernon, along the southern edge of the city. Lawrence is one of Essex County's two county seats, along with Salem.  However, a larger German community was formed after 1871, when industrial workers from Saxony were displaced by economic competition from new industrial areas like the Ruhr. , A sharp reduction in violent crime starting in 2004 and massive private investment in former mill buildings along the Merrimack River, including the remaining section of the historic Wood Mill – to be converted into commercial, residential and education uses – have lent encouragement to boosters of the city. The highest point in Lawrence is the top of Tower Hill in the northwest corner of the city, rising approximately 240 feet (73 m) above sea level. Males had a median income of $27,772 versus $23,137 for females.  The area that would become Lawrence was then part of Methuen and Andover. Other nearby hospitals are in Methuen, Haverhill and Lowell. Click here to download a sample Census 2010/2000 Race PDF. Lawrence lies along Interstate 495, which passes through the eastern portion of the city. St. Francis (Lithuanian Catholic Church) on Bradford Street was formed in 1903 by Rev. New Balance has a shoe manufacturing plant in Lawrence, one of five plants operating in the US.. James T. O'Reilly of St. Mary's, in a building previously occupied by St. John's Episcopal Church. On September 13, 2018, a series of gas explosions and fires broke out in as many as 40 homes in Lawrence, Andover, and North Andover. Europeans first settled the Haverhill area in 1640, colonists from Newbury following the Merrimack River in from the coast.
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