The grants increased real estate values within a 25-mile radius of cleaned-up water. The United Nations estimates that 80% of the world’s sewage is untreated., Farming practices add pollutants from fertilizer, animal waste runoff, and livestock nitrogen waste. Those values rose 406%. About 80% of pollution in the ocean comes from land sources that flow directly into water supplies, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration., Untreated sewage kills 2.2 million people each year worldwide from diarrheal diseases. In the developing world, 10% of the population are severely infected with intestinal worms. About 80 per cent of stomach diseases in India are caused by polluted water. Some contaminants do not dissolve in water and are too large to mix with water molecules. Load your wallet, click the button in the right-hand corner, go to “Top Up”, type “fairplanet”. A study of waterfront properties in New York showed significant differences between those on clean versus polluted lakes. Prices for properties on highly-polluted Lake Erie rose 188% over a 13-year period. Sometimes an infected person may also develop paralysis depending on the intensity of the infection. Scott Directs Additional $4 Million for Counties Impacted by Red Tide," Accessed Nov. 11, 2019. The symptoms of this parasitic disease include fever, chills, and watery diarrhoea, etc. When organic substances in the polluted water start decaying, it produces hydrogen sulphide and ammonia gas which gives the … The introduction or elimination of certain microorganisms distorts the ecosystem. Required fields are marked *, Besides affecting human health, the effects of. This is because water is able to dissolve many substances. Below, we shall see a summary of the effects of water pollution. "Wastewater, The Untapped Resource," Accessed Nov. 11, 2019. Effects of Water Pollution – Short term & Long term. The effects of microbiological pollution are common in areas where people drink untreated water. “Bioremediation,” Accessed Nov. 11, 2019. Global warming further worsens pollution by increasing acidification and algae blooms and is a threat to our food and water sources. Dead fish, crabs, birds and seagulls, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches, killed by pollutants in their habitat (living environment). State of the Planet. Accessed Nov. 11, 2019. It is also a kind of infectious liver disease caused by a virus known as hepatitis E. This disease is mostly related to the countries that have poor sanitation practices. For example, the Mississippi River dumps tons of nitrogen from fertilizer into the Gulf of Mexico each summer. This creates a “dead zone,” devoid of oxygen, about the size of Massachusetts., Over the past 30 years, 25% of the world's coral reefs have died. High water temperatures from global warming toxify the algae living in coral. The contamination could be caused by physical debris such as plastic water bottles or rubber tires, or it could be chemical such as the runoff that finds its way into waterways from factories, farms, cities, cars, sewage treatment facilities, and air pollution. These symptoms mostly include abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhoea, etc. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The bacteria may cause paralysis in the infected person that starts from the face and then spreads to the limbs. Pure Earth tackles pollution worldwide, one community at a time! Water pollution also affects the ecosystem – it can cause a phenomenon called eutrophication. In August 2018, a red algae bloom off the southwest coast of Florida created an emergency health crisis. Hospital admissions increased by 54% because of toxic vapors emitted from decaying algae. Red tide clean-up efforts cost the state between $11,114 and $250,000 per event between 2004 and 2007.. When suspended, they form a layer on the surface of the water, preventing oxygen penetration leading to oxygen depletion pollution. 11% of the world’s population is already vulnerable to actual climate change impacts. “Public Costs of Florida Red Tides: A Survey of Coastal Managers," Accessed Nov. 11, 2019. And all life on Earth as we know it relies on water to survive. We dump industrial waste, household waste, agricultural waste, sewage, etc. It can cause contamination of drinking water – thereby contributing to waterborne illnesses. Consequently, there is a need to protect water bodies from deliberate pollution. It flows throughout the world without regard for borders or boundaries, crossing state lines and country borders alike. But more often than not, groundwater becomes polluted when non-point sources of contamination such as agricultural runoff or prescription medications find their way into the water within the Earth. The parasite is resistant to wintery temperature & disinfectant. The contaminants can end up in the water by the direct or indirect application.